5 Types of Pomeranian Dog Breed


With their fluffy coats, foxy faces, and larger-than-life personalities, Pomeranians have captured the hearts of dog lovers worldwide. These lively little dogs are renowned for their playful nature, intelligence, and remarkable loyalty. While there's technically only one recognised Pomeranian breed, their appearance can vary subtly. This article will explore the types of Pomeranians commonly observed, offering insights into their distinctive features.

Types of Pomeranians

Let's explore the different types of Pomeranians people typically encounter:

Standard Pomeranian

The standard Pomeranian is the ideal image of the breed, the embodiment of what most people imagine when they hear the word 'Pomeranian.' They boast the breed's signature double coat, a lively and fluffy undercoat topped with longer, slightly harsher guard hairs. Standard Poms have a charming wedge-shaped head, small, erect ears, and their plumed tail curls distinctively over their back.

Standard Pomeranians weigh between 1.5 and 3.5 kgs and stand 6 to 7 inches tall at the shoulder. The Pomeranians have a remarkable range of coat colours, including solid colours like white, black, orange, and cream, as well as various parti-colours and patterns. Their thick, double coat does require dedicated grooming to keep it looking its best.

Throwback Pomeranian

Throwback Pomeranians offer a charming glimpse into the breed's past. Unlike their smaller modern counterparts, throwback Poms more closely resemble their Spitz-type ancestors who worked as herding and sled dogs. These Pomeranians may be slightly larger than the typical 1.5 to 3 kgs breed standard, sometimes reaching up to 4.5 kgs or more. They may also have longer legs, a less rounded head, and a slightly longer muzzle that gives them a more 'wolf-like' appearance.

Throwback Pomeranians are a delightful choice for dog lovers who appreciate the breed's historical roots and may possess a slightly more independent streak due to their Spitz heritage.

Fox-Face Pomeranian

Fox-face Pomeranians are readily identifiable by their distinct facial features resembling a tiny fox. Compared to other types, they possess a longer, slenderer muzzle, giving them a particularly alert and intelligent expression. Their ears tend to be smaller and positioned closer together on the top of their head. They also have slightly narrower, almond-shaped eyes.

While there's an undeniable charm to their fox-like looks, likely owners should be aware that fox-face Pomeranians may be slightly more prone to tear staining compared to other varieties of poms. This is due to the shape of the tear ducts connected with their narrower muzzles. Regular cleaning of the eye area may be needed to maintain their bright appearance. Despite this minor inconvenience, fox-face Pomeranians make wonderfully charismatic and affectionate dogs.

Baby-Doll Pomeranian

The baby-doll Pomeranian steals hearts with their perpetually youthful appearance. Unlike the fox-face with its slender muzzle, baby-dolls have a shorter, button nose and large, round eyes that seem to sparkle with lasting curiosity. Their overall head shape is rounder, creating a sweet, almost innocent expression. This endearing look is further accentuated by their shorter muzzle, which contributes to a more compact, doll-like face. This combination of features makes them appear perpetually young, even as they mature. Owners of baby-doll Pomeranians often find themselves captivated by their pet's playful spirit and seemingly endless puppy-dog eyes.

Teddy Bear Pomeranian

Teddy bear Pomeranians have skyrocketed in popularity due to their irresistible resemblance to cuddly plushies. They are characterized by their round faces, shorter muzzles, and luxuriously fluffy coats. This type often has smaller, closer-set ears and slightly more rounded eyes compared to other Poms, further enhancing their teddy bear-like charm. It's important to note that the teddy bear aesthetic is primarily achieved through expert grooming and styling.

Things to remember

It's crucial to remember that these 'types' are simply descriptive terms used to characterise certain appearances within the single Pomeranian breed. Some breeders might try to market these as different breeds, sometimes with inflated prices.

Be particularly cautious of references to 'teacup', 'micro' or 'miniature' Pomeranians. These are marketing terms that often are applied to very small or even unhealthily bred dogs.

When searching for your new dog, focus on the individual dog's personality and health rather than trying to fit a specific 'type.'

Whether you're drawn to the standard look, the throwback's historical charm, or the adorable teddy bear face, there's a perfect Pomeranian out there for everyone. While their appearances may vary slightly, all types of Pomeranians share the breed's characteristic intelligence, playfulness, and devotion.

Explore our breeds category page to learn more about different dog breeds and find your perfect companion.

Frequently asked questions

1. How do I identify a Pomeranian?

Pomeranians have a fluffy double coat, fox-like face, plumed tail, and small, pointy ears. These tiny, energetic dogs are instantly recognisable.

2. What is the rarest Pomeranian?

3. Which type of Pomeranian are the best?

4. How many different breeds of Pomeranian are there?

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