Pomeranian Breed - Dog & Puppy Information & Characteristics

Pomeranian Breed

If you are someone who would love to carry your dog everywhere you go, this dog breed is the perfect match for you. Pomeranians are smart and sassy members of the toy dog group, thanks to their tiny frame. Do not be fooled by their size and adorable appearance, Pomeranian puppies and dogs both can go head-to-head with bigger dogs despite their tiny frames. Pomeranians possess an outgoing personality, and their lion-like mane is sure to fetch you many compliments.

Key specifications of the Pomeranian dog breed 

Here are some basic facts you must know about the Pomeranian dog breed before bringing one home:


1 to 4 kg


6 to 7 inches


12 to 16 years 


Double coat 

Note: The weight and height mentioned on the table is of a full-grown Pomeranian and not of a Pomeranian puppy.

Physical appearance of Pomeranians 

This extremely popular breed that has been favoured by royalty features a thick, gorgeous coat that is found in many distinct colours such as: 

  • White 
  • Wolf sable
  • Beaver sable 
  • Tri-coloured
  • Blue 
  • Blue merle 
  • Blue brindle 
  • Blue sable 
  • Blue and tan 
  • Black 
  • Black and brindle 
  • Black and tan
  • Chocolate 
  • Chocolate and tan
  • Cream
  • Cream sable 
  • Orange 
  • Orange sable 
  • Red 
  • Red sable
  • Beaver 
  • Brindle

Found yourself a lavender Pomeranian and just cannot believe it? Rightly so, lavender Poms are the most rare and unique coloured Poms you will ever find. Their coats have a hint of purple which make them look unreal. 

Pomeranians can often be confused with the Indian Spitz breed because of the physical similarities. Being just a few hundred years apart in lineage, these two breeds share a lot of physical features and are in fact very closely related. If you are looking to bring a pure-bred Pomeranian home, keep an eye out for these physical characteristics: 

  • Small erect ears that sit high on the head 
  • Almond shaped dark and bright eyes
  • Plumed tail that lays flat 

Pomeranian personality traits

Pomeranians are happy-go-lucky dogs that love to make their pet parents laugh and are equally inquisitive. They make friends easily and handle social settings extremely well, especially if you start socialising your Pomeranian puppy at a young age. If you have kids at home, you can relax knowing that your Pomeranian is not so aggressive and can easily become your young one’s best friend. These dogs rarely bite, but they can snap if they are provoked. Make sure that toddlers are aware of your pet and don’t drop them or hold onto them too tightly. The Pomeranian dog breed is also highly compatible with other pets and can easily co-exist.

Do Pomeranians need training? 

Since these dogs love to learn tricks and make their parents happy, training the Pomeranian dog breed is comparatively easy. Take advantage of the fact that it wants to please you and can learn tricks very easily and funnel its intelligence into learning how to walk calmly on a leash. Housebreaking is something you need to be aware of when bringing a Pomeranian home. This dog breed has comparatively small bladders, and Pomeranian puppies especially can have accidents as they can hold their bladder only for a maximum of 6 hours. As a pet parent, you can invest in reusable dog pee pads and save your home decor.

How to care for Pomeranians? 

Here’s everything you need to do to make sure that your Pomeranian feels loved and stays healthy: 

  • Health issues 

The Pomeranian dog breed is a generally healthy dog breed that can live for up to 12 to 16 years. However, just like any other dog breed, Pomeranians are at risk of developing health problems related to their tiny build. Watch out for diseases such as patellar location, collapsing tracheas, low thyroid level, seizures, hypoglycaemia, hair loss, vision impairment, and hip dysplasia. Many Pomeranian breeders generally recommend specific health screenings to diagnose certain common conditions. If you are bringing a pure-bred Pomeranian home, don’t forget to speak to your breeder about these health issues.

  • Grooming

Surprisingly, grooming a Pomeranian is very simple. Bathe your Pomeranian in warm water at least once in every four weeks. You can use a hairdryer to dry your Pomeranian puppy’s hair post its bath. Don’t forget to brush its teeth a few times a week and brush its double coat to prevent loose hair from covering everything in your home. Doing all of this is not difficult with Pomeranians since they love doing what their parents want. Don’t forget to clip its nails and to clean its ears from time to time.

  • Physical activity 

The Pomeranian dog breed does not need a lot of physical activity time. These adorable tiny lap dogs can be taken for 20-minute walks around the backyard or in any open space multiple times in a day.

Ensure that you keep an eye on your Pomeranian if you take it outside for any physical activity. They are known to slip through fences and short barriers. One thing to keep in mind is that your pooch can look a lot like a small rodent to several birds because of their point of view. These birds may try to attack your Pomeranian as they have a history of confusing Pomeranians with small rodents. To keep any type of danger at bay, just make sure that you are carrying a leash and you’re good to go.

  • Nutritional needs 

You can feed your Pomeranian a balanced meal and choose a commercial dog food brand that it may prefer. You can also feed it food that you would make for yourself, provided you run it by your vet. It’s always best to consider your dog’s age when you are selecting its food options, a Pomeranian puppy’s nutritional needs may differ from that of a Pom adult. You can also give it treats every time it obeys you or is learning something good and new. Just ensure that you do not start giving it large portions just because no one can say no to that face. Make sure that you keep fresh water available for your puppy as and when needed so that it can stay hydrated.

A brief history of Pomeranians 

The original Pomeranian hails from Europe, with its roots belonging to a region known as Pomerania. This dog breed is closely related to the breed of sled pulling dogs that are much larger in size, have pointed years, thick coats, and a big tail that follows their back. You can easily trace this breed back to sled dogs in Iceland, but they have officially retired from this position. Queen Victoria of England herself couldn’t resist taking a Pomeranian home while on a trip to Italy.

Explore our breeds category page to learn more about different dog breeds and find your perfect companion.

Frequently asked questions

Do Pomeranians get along with other pets? 

Pomeranians get along very well with other pets, but you need to ensure that they are not around too many large dog breeds as they could hurt your Pomeranian due to their tiny frame. 

Are Pomeranians good family dogs?

Can Pomeranians stay alone at home?

Are Pomeranians easy to groom?

Do Pomeranians bark a lot?

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